Sunburn during summertime or in certain parts of the world,
unfortunately, is very common. Its one of the most common results of overexposure to UV rays. Whether on first aid duty with Red Cross or teaching first aid courses Cork City. The instance or topic of sunburn often presents itself.
Despite the warnings from various health services as in the HSE in Ireland or the National Health Service in the UK, a lot of people continue to take a long exposure to the sun at the wrong time of the day. There is no doubt sunburn is most common during holidays in warmer climates. However, this is not the only way to get a sunburn. In fact, a lot of sunburn that we are seeing nowadays is from artificial sources like sunlamps.
When you subject your skin to repeated and intense sun exposure or artificial exposure of UV rays, you are increasing the risk of damaging your skin as well as of certain diseases. These include dark coloured spots, wrinkled aged skin, dry skin, rough spots, and even skin cancers such as melanoma.
With first aid courses Cork, you will know how to identify sunburns as well as how to treat them properly. Notice that in most cases you will be able to use your basic first aid course to treat them. Nevertheless, there may be severe sunburns that may require a visit to a doctor or to the hospital.
How To Identify Sunburns
Sunburn tend to have some common signs that are visible. While these may vary from person to person, the type of skin, and the time that the person was exposed to UV rays, they usually include:
- the skin tends to be tender and hot to the touch
- sore and red skin (erythema)
- peeling or flaking skin after four to seven days after exposure.
In case you have dark skin, you need to know that you can also get a sunburn. However, it will be harder to detect. So, it is wise to be careful when exposing your skin to UV rays. Another thing to bear in mind is that since darker skin contains more melanin, you should be able to tolerate sunlight without burning more time than someone who has pale skin.
Most people tend to believe that they will immediately notice the symptoms of sunburn. Although this may occur, it is not always the case as you learn at first aid Cork courses. We whether your doing a first aid course in Cork or a first aid course in Limerick the advice will be the same. In fact, most symptoms usually start to appear 3 to 5 hours after exposure to UV rays. However, this is only when they start. They should only peak between 12 to 24 hours after being in the sun.
As we mentioned above, most sunburn can be easily treated by someone who has some basic first aid training. Nevertheless, there are cases of more severe sunburns.
When you have a severe sunburn, some of the symptoms you may experience include:
- swelling of the skin (oedema)
- a general feeling of discomfort
- fever of 38ºC (100.4ºF) or above.
In some rare occasions, you may also have symptoms of heatstroke such as:
When To See A Doctor
There is certain sunburn that should be seen by a doctor. These include sunburns that:
- are accompanied by chills, nausea, headache, confusion, extreme pain or high fever
- are blistering and covering a large part of your body
- don’t improve within a few days
- originate pus from an open blister
- increase swelling
- increase tenderness and pain
- have red streaks that are coming out from the open blister.
At BC First Aid we instruct on the all aspects of first aid, our courses include basic first aid Cork, basic first aid Limerick, occupational first aid Cork, occupational first aid Limerick. We also provide training in Manual Handling.
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